Iran also called Persia and officially known as the Islamic Republic of Iran ,is a country in Western Asia with over 81/000 million inhabitants. Iran is the world’s 18th most populous country and the second largest country in the Middle East and the 17th largest in the world. Iran is home to one of the world’s oldest civilization.
Iran is a multi cultural country numerous ethnic and linguistic groups, the Persian’s are an Iranian ethnic group that make up over half of the population of Iran. They share a common cultural system and are native speakers of the Persian language ,as well as closely related languages.(61%) Azeris (16%),Kurds(10%) & Lurs (6%) are other ethnic groups in Iran.
Having 11 climates out of the world’s 13, Iran’s climates is divers, ranging from arid and semi-arid , to sub tropical along the Caspian coast and northern forest. On the northern edge of the country temperatures rarely fall below freezing and the area remains humid for the rest of the year.
To the West , settlements in the Zagros experience lower temperatures , severe winters below zero average daily temperatures and heavy snowfall. The eastern and central basins are arid and have occasional deserts, average summer temperature.
The coastal plains of the Persian Gulfs and Gulf of Oman in southern Iran have mild winters and very humid and hot summers.
Wild life of Iran
The wild life of Iran is composed of several species, including bears, foxes, gazelles, gray wolves, jackals, panthers and wild pigs. Other domestic animals include Asian water buffaloes, camels, cattle, donkey, goats, horses, and the sheep.
Eagles , falcons, partridges, pheasants, and storks are also native to the wild life of Iran.
Iran is divided in to five regions with thirty one provinces.
Tehran is the capital and largest city of Iran.
The country’s second most populous city is Mashhad. Being the site of the Imam Reza shrine , it is a holy city in Shia Islam.
Isfahan is Iran’s third most populous city.
Shiraz is Iran’s sixth most populous city. It is located near the ruins of Persepolis and Pasargadae.
Although tourism declined significantly during the war with Iraq , it has been subsequently recovered.
Alongside the capital the most popular tourist destination are Isfahan , Mashhad ,and Shiraz.
According to the UNESCO and the deputy head of research for Iran’s Tourism Organization , Iran is rated fourth among the top 10 destination.